STATUS OF LEAD LEVELS IN DRINKING WATER AND BLOOD OF CHILDREN IN KASHMIR, INDIA
Publication Date : 23/02/2016
ABSTRACT Lead is one of the most abundant heavy metals on earth considered as number one environmental persistent toxin and health hazard affecting millions of people round the globe. The diagnosis of lead toxicity has traditionally been based on significantly elevated blood lead levels. Therefore, the most commonly accepted and verifiable biomarker for lead exposure is measuring blood lead level. Present study was conducted in SKUAT-K, Srinagar. Data was collected from families who visited the G.B Panth Hospital, Srinagar; Department of Psychiatry, Govt. Medical College Srinagar for normal health examination. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Govt. Medical College, Srinagar. In order to be included in the final data analysis, participants had to fulfill the following criteria: (i) Parental consent to participate in the study, (ii) Children’s agreement to participate in the study, (iii) Participants were the residents of Kashmir, and (iv) Children of age group <12 years. Exclusion criteria were: (i) Parental dissent to participate in the study, (ii) Children’s objection, (iii) Children reported any occupational/accidental exposure to lead, and (iv) Children under any medication. For final analysis 71 subjects (42 boys and 29 girls, 2-12 years) were included in the study. Drinking water samples were also collected to check the status of lead level in drinking water. Water and blood samples were collected by standard methods and processed and analyzed for lead level estimation by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer.
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