Ethnobotanical survey and traditional knowledge of some medicinal and aromatic plants of Himachal Pradesh, North – West Himalayas.

Publication Date : 02/12/2015

Author(s) :

Savita Rani , Rakesh Kumar Chahota , Tilak Raj Sharma.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 1
Issue 12
(12 - 2015)

Abstract :

The present study was focused on the analysis, documentation and interpretation of traditional knowledge and ethno-medicinal phyto-wisdom in four districts (Chamba, Kangra, Hamirpur and Mandi) of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh, a hilly state of North-West Himalayas is a repository of aromatic and medicinal plants. A total of 47 plant species are reported as being used locally for various purposes. All of these plant species are collected from the wild, 7 of which are reported as rare locally. Four new ethnobotanical uses are reported in Clematis grata, Indigofera hamiltonii, Pinus wallichiana and Polygonum persicaria from different parts of the Himachal Pradesh for the first time. Our findings suggest that leaves are the major plant part used in most of the recipes. Majority of the recipes are prepared in the form of decoction from freshly collected plant parts. Mostly a single species is used and are mainly taken orally. Unsustainable collection methods, poor post harvest methods, soil erosion and intense deforestation are the main causes of the depletion of local flora. Local people still depends on medicinal plants for majority of their ailments, so loss of these plant resources will be certain extent to a hamper the existing healthcare system in the studied area.

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