SURVEY OF MEDICINAL FLORA IN THE FOOTHILLS OF KALAKAD FOREST AREA, NEAR KALAKAD VILLAGE, TIRUNELVELI DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU INDIA.
Publication Date : 02/01/2016
Abstract A survey was done to identify medicinally important plants used by local people in the foot hills of Kalakad Forest area, Kalakad village, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India. A total of 159 medicinal plant species belongs to 54 families consists of 124 genera recorded in the study area. Out of 159 species, 157 are Angiosperms, 1 Pteridophytes and 1 Gymnosperms. About 12 plants comes under IUCN status of which 9least concern, 2 rare in south India and 1 endangered category. The dominant life form representing 65 species (40.88%) followed by herbs with 54 species (33.96%), trees with 28 species (17.61%), climbers with 10 species (6.29%) and lianas with 2 species (1.26%). The Euphorbiaceae family noted as dominant family with 12 species and 4 genera while 3 families with more number of genus and less number of species. Leaves of many medicinal plants used in maximum number of remedies (53 diseases; 50%) and is followed by whole plant and their products in 51 (48.11%) remedies, roots in 40 remedies and seeds in 23 remedies. A maximum of 130 medicinal plants (81.76%) was used as whole plants in 51 remedies while 101 medicinal plant species (63.52%) leaf and their products used to cure 50% (53 diseases) and 67 medicinal plant species (42.14%) used to cure about 40 diseases (37.74%) with roots and their products. Among the 106 diseases, recorded about 50 diseases treated with only one part of medicinal plants, 18 diseases cured with 3 parts of the medicinal plants, 16 remedies with 2 parts, 8 diseases with 4 parts, 6 diseases with 6 pars of medicinal plants, and 4 diseases with 5 or 7 parts of medicinal plants. Similarly, about 41 diseases cured with only one medicinal plant species (monotypic) while 16 diseases cured with 2 species, 12 diseases with 3 species, 7 diseases with 4 species, and remedies like cooling, purgatives, astringent, and skin problems were done with 10, 12, 20 and 26 species of medicinal plants, respectively. Most of the medicinal plants (116) recorded in the study area available though out the year whereas 27 species available during November to February, 12 species available from November to March and 4 species available from November to January. Key words- Medicinal Plants Survey; Kalakad forest, Kalakad village, Tirunelveli District.
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