A study on Diversity of Indigenous Ornamental Fish Species available in Howrah District of West Bengal, India.
Publication Date : 31/08/2015
This current work, based on an extensive field survey and fish sampling conducted over a period of 12 months, illustrated the status and availability of different indigenous ornamental fish species available in the district of Howrah, West Bengal. A total of 58 species from 39 genera, 25 families and 7 orders were reported. The survey result showed that among the total fish species collected, Order Cypriniformes held a major portion of the Howrah district's fish fauna. Fish of the Family Cyprinidae was the most abundant (28% of the total fish species), followed by the Family Channidae (7%) and Bagridae (7%). 60% of the fishes were exclusively freshwater species, followed by fresh and brackish water species which constituted of 35% of the total fish species collected. The present study revealed that the percentage of fish under the threatened category is almost up to 30% i.e. 9% endangered and 21% vulnerable of the total collected fish species while status of 22% was yet to be evaluated. Among these 58 collected fish species, 27 species can be regarded as classified aquarium fishes and the rest 31 species as non-classified aquarium fishes. Many of these species have been reported to have good domestic as well as export market since few years, so these indigenous ornamental fish resource can be gainfully utilized to capture not only the ornamental fish markets of our country but also the world trade in near future. Keywords – Indigenous ornamental fish, aquarium fishes, export market, world trade.
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