Investigation of Quality Traits In 30 Sudanese Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.]R. Br.) Genotypes
Publication Date : 08/10/2016
Abstract 30 Sudanese pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.) genotypes were investigated to determine their chemical compositions, mineral contents and physical properities. Randomized complete design with three replications was used for laying out the laboratory experiments. The results showed that there were significant differences (P ≥ 0.5) between the 30 pearl millet genotypes for all the quality studied traits. The means of the chemical compositions showed that, the highest values of protein (16.21%,), carbohydrates (68.63%), fiber (15.37%), moisture (7.05%), Fats (5.21%) and ash ( 1.70%) were obtained by the genotypes Dembi millet, HSD55555, Sudan II, Dembi Shangal Toby, HSD10294 and HSD10294, respectively. The means of the minerals in (mg/kg) showed that, the highest values of Ca (125.7), P (972.33), Fe (100.82), K (5742.3), Mg (1588.3), Na (45.00), Zn (50.68) were obtained by the genotypes Dembi Sea, SADC (Long), Dembi Shangal Toby, Dembi Millet, HSD10293, HSD10292 and HSD10354, respectively. The highest granule size (11.9) and weight of 100 seeds (1.36 gm) were obtained by the genotypes Dembi kabkabia and HSD10294, repectively. Most of the 30 millet genotypes were characterized with yellow and/or different ranges of yellow color mixed with other colors. 27 millet genotypes included 7 local, released and improved varieties exhibited desirable and normal tastes. The considerable variability and the millet genotypes scored high values of quality traits could be of a great value in any millet breeding program and/ or for Sudanese millet consumers.
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