STATUS, DISTRIBUTION AND DIVERSITY OF WOODY SPECIES IN THE RELIGIOUS WORSHIP PLACES LOCATED AT NAGERCOIL URBAN AREA, KANNIYAKUMARI DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU, INDIA.
Publication Date : 28/10/2016
ABSTRACT The present study was carried out to access the ecological and diversity status of woody plant species in three community based religious worship places, i.e., Temples, Mosques and Churches, located at Nagercoil, an urban town area and head quarter of Kanniyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India. A total of 48species of woody plants [35sp. trees (423nos.), 13sp. shrubs (126nos.) having 549 individuals] were recorded from the three community worship places (33sites), which varied from 29species [21sp. trees (141nos.), 8sp. shrubs (29nos.) having 170 individuals] in 8 churches; 9species [all trees with 56 individuals] in 8 Mosques; and 37species [27sp. trees (226nos.), 10sp. shrubs (97nos.) having 323 individuals] in 17 temples surveyed. Among the 48species of woody plants recorded, 15species found in temples only, 10species in churches only, 14species in churches and temples, 4species in mosques and temples, 1species in church and mosque and 4species in all the 3 study areas (churches, mosques and temples). Maximum number of woody plants species (39sps.) comes under <50cm GBH (44.08%) and <15cm DBH (43.53%) size class category. The overall total basal area was estimated as 373,907.88cm2, and it is varied from 103,000.34cm2 in churches, 28,383.45cm2 in mosques and 242,618.00cm2 in temples. Among the woody plant species, Azadirachta indica shows maximum TBA of 99,448.01cm2, whereas Cocos nucifera have maximum TBA of 62,273.41cm2 in temples, and 10,828.98cm2 in mosques, and in churches, it was 58,041.72cm2 noted in Azadirachta indica. Based on number of individuals, most of the woody plant species (36sps; 75%) comes under rare and very rare category that shows below 10 individuals. Shanon-Wiener’s species diversity index (H’) of woody plant species in the overall study area was estimated as H’ =2.955; Simpson’s diversity index was D =0.903; Simpson’s Concentration of Dominance was CD/λ =0.097; Species Richness index was SR =7.451; and Species Evenness was E =0.763. Sorensson’s Similarity Index (SI) was noted as 10.47% among the species of woody plants recorded in the overall study area, which varied from 5.26% between churches and mosques; 21.21% between churches and temples; and 17.39% between mosques and temples. This study is a pioneer in the aspect of ecology and diversity conservation in the religious worship places of different communities. It can be helpful in making awareness to improve, maintain and protect these religious sites with diverse plant species by involving local communities. Keywords: Woody plant species, Distribution, Religious worship places, Temples, Mosque, Churches, Total Basal Area, Species diversity indices, Species richness index, Species evenness index, Similarity index.
No. of Downloads :