Engineering properties of Locally Available Mango Stone

Publication Date : 22/12/2016


Author(s) :

S. P. Divekar , R. D. Bisen.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
,
Issue 12
(12 - 2016)



Abstract :

Mango (Mangiferaindica Linn.) is one of the most important tropical fruits in the world, especially in the India, in the Konkan region of Maharashtra state and it is greatly relished for its succulence, exotic flavor and delicious taste in most countries of the world. During processing of mango, by-products such as peels and mango stones are generated. In the mango stones various important nutritious values like protein, crude oil, ash, carbohydrate, energy etc. are contents. The determined physical properties of the Local mango stones are required to designing the mango stone decorticator to increase its market value. The physical properties of the mango stone was determined in spatial dimensions, i.e. length, breadth, thickness, geometric mean diameter and Sphericity for Grade – A of Local mango stone was to be 41.1 mm, 26.4 mm, 6.88 mm, 19.55 mm and 0.48 respectively, for Grade – B 52.0 mm, 31.01 mm, 9.98 mm, 23.80 mm and 0.55 respectively, and for Grade – C 68.9 mm, 34.57 mm, 14.07 mm, 26.3 mm and 0.65 respectively. The bulk density and true density for Local mango stone was to be 375 kg/m3, 1051 kg/m3. The average compressive stress and tensile stress for Local mango stone was to be 104.045 k-N/m2,110.23 k-N/m2 respectively.


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