Soybean (Glycine Max L.) Germplasm Evaluation through Morphological and Quality Characterization

Publication Date : 17/12/2016

Author(s) :

Sarala Yadav.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 12
(12 - 2016)

Abstract :

The protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Right Authority (PPV& FRA) provide guidelines for the conduct of test for distinctiveness, uniformity and stability. In this study characterization of 13 soybean varieties was done as per DUS guidelines (PPV & FRA, 2009). T he varieties were characterized 20 characters, viz. Plant growth type, days to 50% flowering, leaf shape, leaf colour, plant growth habit, flower colour, plant height(cm), pod pubescence, pubescence colour, pod shattering, days to maturity, seed size, seed hilum colour, cotyledon colour, seed oil content and seed protein content. Most of the varieties have medium height except 524 and 2008 were short type and Pusa 16, Pusa 20, Pusa 24 were tall. Green leaf colour was common as compare to dark green colour (eg 750-1, Chatkabhuj). All candidate varieties showed purple flower colour whereas, Pusa 20 and Pusa 24 have white flower colour. All varieties were early maturing type. Most of the varieties have high protein content with medium oil content except variety 2008, which have high oil content (22.7%). Key words: Soybean, PPV& FRA act, Candidate varieties, Characterization

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