CONSUMPTION OF INSECTS AS FOOD IN THREE VILLAGES OF NORTH WEST DISTRICT, BOTSWANA

Publication Date : 02/01/2016


Author(s) :

John Cassius Moreki , Sethunya Obatre.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
,
Issue 2
(01 - 2016)



Abstract :

This study investigated the consumption of edible insects in Nxaraga, Sehithwa and Shorobe villages of the North West district of Botswana. Information was gathered using a structured questionnaire which was administered to 60 respondents across the three villages and also through direct observation. A total of six insect species were identified belonging to six families and four orders (i.e., Coleoptera, Isoptera, Lepidoptera and Orthoptera) with the two most consumed orders being Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. Carebara vidua F. Smith (33.3%) was the most consumed followed by Sternocera orissa Buq. (21.7%), Agrius convolvuli L. (15.0%), Oryctes boas Fabr. (13.3%), Imbrasia belina Westwood (10.0%) and Locusta migratoria (6.7%). The study revealed that insects were abundant during and/or immediately after the rainy season. This implies that insects can be harvested and preserved during the time of abundance to maximize their utilization in meeting the human protein needs. The common methods of collecting insects were hand picking, trapping and digging. Insects were prepared for consumption by boiling, frying or roasting. Insects were used for consumption (52%) and sale (48%). Entomophagy is a source of food and income indicating that it plays an important in the rural economy. Key words: Botswana; edible insects; entomophagy; food, income; livelihoods


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