Impact of Nutrition Education and Conselling on Nutrient Intake of Type 2 Diabetics of Different BMI Group
Publication Date : 25/02/2016
Nutritional Counselling is important in preventing diabetes, managing existing diabetes, and preventing, or at least slowing, the rate of development of diabetes complications. It is, therefore, important at all levels of diabetes prevention. Nutritional Counselling is also an integral component of diabetes self-management education. Nutrition counselling should be sensitive to the personal needs, willingness to change, and ability to make changes of the individual with pre-diabetes or diabetes. The present study was conducted to find out theImpact of Nutrition Education and Counselling on Nutrient Intake of Type 2 Diabetics of Different BMI Group. A sample of 180 subjects was chosen for the study and were divided into two strata , stratum I consisting of subjects suffering from diabetes since the past 5 years and stratum II suffering from diabetes since the last 10 years. Obese, Normal and Underweight Diabetics were included in the study . Each category included 15 males and 15 females in both the strata. Data on nutrient intake was collected both prior and after the nutritional therapy. In both the strata before the counselling the obese subjects were consuming Energy, Carbohydrate and Fats higher than the RDA. The Energy intake was 134-164 per cent of the RDA, and the Carbohydrate was 94-133 per cent of the RDA .For the underweight subjects the consumption of all the Nutrients was inadequate in comparison to the RDA, except fat. Normal weight subjects were consuming nearly adequate amounts of all the nutrients except for Fats which was markedly higher than the RDA. Further all the BMI groups were noted to consume inadequate amount of Fibers in their daily diet. Considering the Protein intake , it was inadequate for all the BMI groups except for obese and normal where the intake was sufficiently adequate in comparison to the RDA. But after the counselling was imparted to the subjects, a significant difference was noted in the intake of all nutrients by all the subjects in both the strata. The level of nutrient intake was found to be sufficiently adequate to the recommended values for all the groups in both the strata except fats which was still consumed in amounts higher than the RDA by all the groups. The intake of carbohydrates decreased to 97 per cent in obese males and reached to the adequate values of around 100 per cent in reference to the RDA in obese females in both the strata. Also the Fiber intake increased in all the groups in both the strata. Thus the Nutritional Status in terms of Nutrient Intake was found to be sufficiently adequate after counselling as compared to prior counselling. Also it is to be mentioned that a non-significant difference was noted in consumption of all the nutrients in both the strata prior and after counselling. Thus the results of the study revealed that nutritional counsellingis highly beneficial for Diabetic patients because dietary control is very important to control blood sugar levels.