Population size of House Sparrow, Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) and stress factors affecting its number in selected habitats in Thanesar in district Kurukshetra, Haryana

Publication Date : 17/02/2016


Author(s) :

Prof Girish Chopra , Dr. Deepak Rai Babbar , Dr. Ajay Kumar.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
,
Issue 2
(02 - 2016)



Abstract :

Periodically monthly surveys of four different habitats, viz., rural open areas/rural residential premises, ware houses/rice sellers/godowns, agricultural areas and fallow lands in tehsil Thanesar of district Kurukshetra were conducted from January, 2010 to December, 2011 to record population size of house sparrow in these habitats. Significant number of adult males, adult females and youngones of house sparrow were recorded in rural open areas/rural residential premises and ware houses/rice sellers/godowns than in agricultural areas. Not even a single individual of house sparrow was sighted in selected fallow lands in tehsil Thanesar during two years of study. In rural open areas/rural residential premises, a total of 75 adult males, 126 adult females and 9 youngones with an average of 6.16±0.78, 10.50±0.80 and 0.75±0.53 respectively were recorded from January, 2010 to December, 2010 and 60 adult males, 158 adult females and 14 youngones with an average of 5.00±0.36, 13.16±0.44 and 1.66±0.56 respectively were recorded from January, 2011 to December, 2011. Similarly, in ware houses/rice sellers/godowns (WH/RS/G), a total of 4 adult males and 13 adult females with an average of 0.33±0.18 and 1.08±0.33 respectively were recorded from January, 2010 to December, 2010 while 5 adult males, 12 adult females and 3 youngones with an average of 0.41±0.19, 1.00±0.30 and 0.25±0.25 respectively were recorded from January, 2011 to December, 2011. Also in selected agricultural areas (AA), only 5 adult males and 10 adult females with an average of 0.45±0.20 and 0.83±0.38 respectively were recorded from January, 2010 to December, 2010 while 3 adult males and 10 adult females with an average of 0.25±0.25 and 0.83±0.36 respectively were recorded from January, 2011 to December, 2011. A number of stress factors might be responsible for decline number of House Sparrow are also assessed during the study period.


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