PIG HUSBANDRY FOR SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ASSAM

Publication Date : 09/03/2016


Author(s) :

N. Ahmed , K. Ahmed , D. Kalita.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
,
Issue 3
(03 - 2016)



Abstract :

Pig husbandry is one of the integral components of traditional animal husbandry system in Assam. People of this region are mostly non vegetarian and prefer pork hence the swine industry has a tremendous scope. Indigenous breeds with lower reproductive potentialities occupy majority of pig population in Assam. Up grading of local pig can be done by crossbreeding with superior germplasm through artificial insemination (AI). This study was carried out to know the status of swine husbandry in Assam and feasibility of AI. A base line survey was conducted and total of 200 households owing pigs were selected randomly and interviewed in Kamrup and Darrang districts of Assam. The most prevalent diseases in pig were swine fever, diarrhoea, pneumonia, piglet anemia, mange, hemorrhagic septicemia and FMD. There were no reports of the use of Artificial Insemination in the area under survey and household without a boar use one from neighboring household. The service fees vary from Rs. 200-1000. Majority of farmers who kept native pigs were house wives (60%) or day labor (21%). Pigs were reared by neck/girth tethering (83%) followed by straw shed housing (12%), fencing (4%) and penned system (1%). Lack of scientific knowledge, mal nutrition, lack of breeding boar, lack of veterinary and extension service, non availability of vaccine were the major constrains. Semen collected from Hampshire boar by simple fist method and extended with Modena extender was preserved at 15°C at BOD incubator. The mean volume, initial motility, concentration, live sperm and intact acrosome in boar semen was 239.28±17.37ml, 86.85±1.31 per cent, 339.28±17.37 million per ml, 83.76±0.79 per cent and 86.82±1.08 per cent respectively. Estrus sow was inseminated twice and obtained viable piglets.


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