Preliminary Observations on the Uses Of Guiera Senegalensis as a Traditional Medicinal Plants in Western Kordufan, Sudan

Publication Date : 01/05/2016


Author(s) :

Nabaa Kamal Alshafei , Shadia Mohamed Ahmed , Abdelfattah Nour.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
,
Issue 5
(05 - 2016)



Abstract :

Millions of people in Africa depend on traditional medicinal plants for treatment of many diseases. Guiera senegalensis (Gs), which grows in abundance in semi-desert area of Western Sudan, has been used for treating specific diseases and wounds. This study presents the results on traditional uses of Gs as a medicinal plant in Ghubaysh village that is inhabited by nearly eighty thousands people. A survey was conducted on a randomly selected group (n=126), 66 were male (52.83%) and 60 females (47.61%). The participants’ age ranged between 20-50 years. Gs extract, prepared by boiling the leaves or soaking them in water, is used for treating many diseases. On the other hand, the roots are dried, crushed into a powder that is used for treating wounds. The results showed that73% out of the 126 participants used Gs as medicinal plant. 27% of participants who did not use Gs had experience preparing the plant extract or powder for treatment of diseases and wounds of household members. The common ailment treated by the leaves’ extract is jaundice which represents more than 51.5% of conditions treated; and the48.5% of the other diseases treated includes diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cough, arthritis, enteritis, diarrhea and malaria. Most people surveyed have used roots’ powder of Gs for treatment of wounds, including diabetics wound, and inflammation of skin, and injuries. Gs has also been used in cosmetics, and as animal feed and fuel. The success in treating diseases and wounds suggests presence of important beneficial medicinal components in Gs In recently published work, we have reported the results of phytochemical screening of Gs leaves extract (alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, tannin, carbohydrates, proteins, steroids, and saponins), and evaluated its toxicity using brine shrimp, and its antifungal activity. The medicinal extract of Gs leaves may be safe to use as a drink for treatment of various diseases as has been practiced for years in the villages of Western Sudan. It would be interesting to find out the ingredients in the root powder that promotes wound healing. In future studies, we would to investigate what in the leave extract causes dieresis, and how it does that. Keywords: Diseases, Guiera senegalensis (Gs), Leaves and roots, Traditional medicinal plant and Wound healing


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