Experimental study to assess different educational methods to overcome anemia among adolescent girls in Chikkaballapura district, Karnataka, India
Publication Date : 03/07/2016
The present study was undertaken by KrishiVigyan Kendra, Chikkaballapura district to assess the Efficacy of different educational methods in reducing iron deficiency anemia among 120 adolescent girls (13-16 years) studying at government high school of Hirekattigenahalli village, Chintamani taluk, Chikkaballapura district during 2015-16. The subjects were divided into four groups namely, Control group, Experimental group 1, Experimental group 2, and Experimental group 3. They were assessed for nutritional status (height, weight and haemoglobin level) and changes in the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) before and after intervention of different educational methods. The results indicated that, the mean height of subjects increased to 2.03cm, 2.45cm and 2.79cm in experimental group 1, 2 and 3 respectively as compared to control group which is 1.91cm. Similarly the mean weight of subjects increased to 2.03kg, 2.24kg and 2.94 kg in experimental groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively as against 1.13kg in control group. Experimental groups showed the higher increase in haemoglobin level (1.06 to 1.10g/dl) than control group (0.32g/dl). the mean KAP scores of experimental groups 1, 2 and 3 where increase to 31.53, 31.73 and 32.67 percent as compared to control group (3.14%). Further, family counseling method showed better improvement in nutritional status of adolescent girls compared to other groups.
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