Abstract Parakeets are colourful, small to medium sized parrot with long tapered tail feathers rather than having the stockier bodies and more square-shaped tails found on larger parrots. There are many different types of parakeet species found in each region of the world. The study was carried out from the month of July 2012 to June 2014 in a semi-arid zone, which is located at the north eastern part of Rajasthan state, commonly called as the Shekhawati region. Different types of parakeets were observed by applying direct counting method using the aid of a binocular and video camera. This region is rich in parakeet population and three kinds of parakeet species namely Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), Alaxendrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria) and Plum-headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) are prevalent here. It was observed that out of total counted parakeets, 94.99% were the rose-ringed parakeets and 04.28% were Alexandrine parakeets and only 00.71% were Plum-headed parakeets. So, it was concluded that the rose-ringed parakeet is the most common and dominant avian species in both rural and urban habitat. The least visible parakeet species is Alexandrine parakeet, which inhabits only in agricultural or rural areas. Plum-headed parakeet was seen only in urban areas in very few numbers. This paper will increase the knowledge about lesser known diversity of these colourful birds in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. Keywords- Parrot, Diversity, Shekhawati region, Rose-ringed parakeet, Alexandrine parakeet and Plum-headed parakeet.
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