Susceptibility pattern of neonatal calves to diarrhoea and pneumonia in organised dairy farm
Publication Date : 03/05/2017
The aim of the study was to compare the susceptibility pattern in respect to Diarrhoea, Pneumonia and or combination of both in Vrindavani, Tharparkar and Murrah buffalo calves from 0-3 months of age. During the study of 132 calves, 38.63% were susceptible to diarrhoea, Pneumonia or its combination. However, 61.36% were resistant and 12 calves died, constituting 9.09% of the total calves born during the study period. The species wise indicates, Murrah buffaloes (54.54%,) are more susceptible than cattle (37.19%), breed wise indicates, Tharparkar (46.42%) are more susceptible than Vrindavani (34.40%) and in sex wise, male (44.77%) are more susceptible than female (32.30%). The maximum fatality rate was expressed in Murrah buffalo calves (27.27%), followed by Tharparkar (17.85%) and Vrindavani cattle calves (4.30%). The analysis revealed that the overall mean for average age at first infection was at 11.47±1.3days and highest age of death was expressed in calves infected with Diarrhoea (23.67±5.24 days) followed by pneumonia (3.00±1.00 days). It can be concluded that Murrah calves are more susceptible to calfhood disease compared to Tharparkar and Vrindavani calve.
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