Review on Bioremediation of Methyl Parathion Contaminated Agricultural Soil by Microorganisms

Publication Date : 21/05/2017

DOI : 10.22623/IJAPSA.2017.3035.GAU17

Author(s) :

Jyoti Kiran Bara , Ritu Soni , Sakshi Jaiswal , Khyati Shrivastava.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 3
Issue 5
(05 - 2017)

Abstract :

Organophosphate pesticides are widely used for crop protection against pests and also to increase crop productivity. Methyl parathion (O, O-dimethyl O-p- nitrophenyl phosphorothioate, MP) is one such organophosphate pesticide. The extensive use of it has led to bioaccumulation in the environment. Thus causing harmful health hazards like inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (an important enzyme in nervous system) activity. Bioremediation, a technique can be applied to overcome bioaccumulation caused by pesticide. The present review is focused on the bioremediation of methyl parathion by degradation through potential soil bacteria and culturing them by immobilization. Also the new perspectives for the bioremediation would enhance in effective degradation of methyl parathion.

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