Screening, Isolation and Characterization of dye degrading bacteria from textile dye effluents.
Publication Date : 04/01/2022
Textile dye industry waste is one among the foremost serious issues within the atmosphere. The dye wastes are severely harmful to surface water bodies. The dye degradation and decolorisation processes, that embody several physical and chemical strategies having inherent drawbacks, like cost accounting, economically impracticable (require additional energy and chemicals), unable to get rid of a number of the recalcitrant dyes and production of huge quantity of sludge that if not properly treated, successively will cause secondary pollution. So, biological degradation, being eco-friendly and cheap methodology, is taken into account as an efficient methodology for the removal of nephrotoxic radical dyes. Our present study was therefore aimed to isolate dyestuff decolorizing microorganism from dyeing industry effluent associate degreed to check their characteristics so as to use them as an economical bio agent for decolorizing and mineralizing nephrotoxic radical dyes.Various microorganism like Bacillus subtilis, Aeromonas hydrophila and Bacillus Cereus, fungi & actinomycetes are found to possess dye decolorizing activity. For the aim of finding out their characteristics, water sample was subjected to enrichment culture technique and then isolated on sterile nutrient agar plates containing 0.005%, 0.01%, and 1% of Congo red dye. The probable isolated organism from Congo red dye i.e. Pantoea agglomerans was found which can possess the ability to decolorize Congo red at lower concentration. The probable isolates obtained must be additional investigated relating to varied factors like dye degradation capability, media composition affecting dye degradation & mechanism of dye degrading activity.
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